Changes in need satisfaction and motivation orientation as predictors of psychological and behavioural outcomes in exercise referral

Rahman, R.J., Thogersen-Ntoumani, C., Thatcher, J. and Doust, J. (2011) Changes in need satisfaction and motivation orientation as predictors of psychological and behavioural outcomes in exercise referral Psychology & Health, 26 (11). pp. 1521-1539. ISSN 0887-0446

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Abstract

Employing Self-Determination Theory (Deci and Ryan, 1985) as a theoretical framework, this study examined psychological need satisfaction and motivational regulations as predictors of psychological and behavioural outcomes in exercise referral (ER). ER patients (N = 293; mean age 54.49) completed the measures of motivational regulations, psychological need satisfaction, health-related quality of life, life satisfaction, anxiety, depression and physical activity at entry, exit and 6 months following the end of a supervised exercise programme. Change in (Δ) intrinsic motivation during the scheme significantly predicted adherence and Δ habitual physical activity. Δ psychological need satisfaction from entry to exit significantly predicted Δ habitual physical activity from exit to 6-month follow-up. Δ psychological need satisfaction significantly predicted Δ motivational regulation and Δ psychological outcomes. Contrary to expectations, Δ self-determined regulation did not significantly predict Δ psychological outcomes during the structured part of the scheme, however, it did significantly predict Δ in psychological outcomes from exit to 6-month follow-up. These findings expand on cross-sectional research to demonstrate that psychological need satisfaction during supervised ER longitudinally predicts motivational regulation and psychological outcomes up to 6 months after a structured programme.

Item Type: Journal article
Uncontrolled Keywords: self-determination; quality of life; physical activity; adherence; health
Subjects: C000 Biological and Biomedical Sciences > C600 Sport and Exercise Science
C000 Biological and Biomedical Sciences > C800 Psychology
C000 Biological and Biomedical Sciences > C800 Psychology > C810 Applied Psychology
DOI (a stable link to the resource): 10.1080/08870446.2010.538849
Faculties: Faculty of Education and Sport > Chelsea School
Depositing User: Chelsea editor
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2011 08:48
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2013 13:00
URI: http://eprints.brighton.ac.uk/id/eprint/9351

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