Migrant pathways to resource access in Lampung's political forest: gender, citizenship and creative conjugality

Elmhirst, R. (2011) Migrant pathways to resource access in Lampung's political forest: gender, citizenship and creative conjugality Geoforum, 42 (2). pp. 173-183. ISSN 0016-7185

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Abstract

An important theme in studies of enclosure and resource access in Southeast Asian hinges on the concept of the ‘political forest’, a particular constellation of power constituted by ideas, practices and institutions that seek to regulate peoples’ access to resources, providing recognition and legitimacy to some, whilst excluding and criminalizing others. Whilst issues of class and ‘race’ underpin work in this vein, in Indonesia, much less attention has been directed towards the ways in which gender inheres in the regularisation of land and livelihood, and the ordering of upland spaces. Drawing on recent feminist and queer theorizing of the links between citizenship, recognition and hetero-normativity, and on analyses of the social relationships through which resource access is negotiated and realized, the paper presents a feminist political ecology of the gender dynamics inherent in the power plays of resource access as land-poor rural migrants negotiate a shifting landscape of enclosure in Lampung province. Through an analysis of three periods of resource governance and control in the province, the paper shows how the negotiation of resource access is simultaneously a process of self-regulation and subject-making that draws on particular ideas about family and conjugal partnership, inculcating gendered and hetero-normative ideologies of the “ideal citizen”. Through particular representational strategies – positionings – necessary to qualify for resource access, and through the material practices necessary to realize the benefits of resource access, conjugal partnership is reiterated and remade as an important social relationship through which resource access may be realised, for men as well as for women.

Item Type: Journal article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Feminist political ecology; Lampung; Indonesia; Resource access; Governmentality; Gender; Political forest; Migration; Displacement
Subjects: L000 Social Sciences > L700 Human and Social Geography
DOI (a stable link to the resource): 10.1016/j.geoforum.2010.12.004
Faculties: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Environment and Technology
Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Environment and Technology > Society, Space and Environment
Depositing User: editor environment
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2011 10:33
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2012 08:57
URI: http://eprints.brighton.ac.uk/id/eprint/8701

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