Three-dimensional modelling of a very large river: the Rio Paraná
Sandbach, S. D., Hardy, R. J., Lane, S. N., Parsons, D. R., Best, J. L., ASHWORTH, PHILIP, Reesink, A. J. H., Amsler, M. L., Szupiany, R. N., Nicholas, A. P., Orfeo, O. and Sambrook-Smith, G. H. (2010) Three-dimensional modelling of a very large river: the Rio Paraná In: Dittrich, A., Koll, Ka, Aberle, J. and Geisenhainer, P., eds. Proceedings of the IAHR River Flow Conference. Bundesanstalt fuer Wasserbau, Germany, pp. 409-417. ISBN 9783939230007
Our current understanding of the world’s largest rivers is limited due to the difficulties in obtaining detailed, spatially-distributed, flow and morphological data. Recent progress has been made in obtaining data-rich results, using Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) models within smaller river reaches, but the application of CFD to large rivers has not been fully developed due to our inability to: i) design numerically-stable meshes for complex topographies, and ii) collect high resolution data appropriate for model boundary conditions. Here, we test a new five-term mass-flux scaling algorithm to include bed topography over large spatial scales, where the discretised form of the mass and momentum equations are modified using a mass-flux scalling approach. Converged solutions were obtained using Reynolds-Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) equations with a κ–ε RNG turbulence closure. Topographic and velocity data were collected for a 38 km reach in the Río Paraná, Argentina, to provide boundary conditions and validation data. The model results demonstrate the importance of topographic steering on determining flow structures in large rivers and the difficulties in objectively identifying coherent secondary flows.
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