Use of iron-based technologies in contaminated land and groundwater remediation: a review
Cundy, A.B., Hopkinson, L. and Whitby, R.L.D. (2008) Use of iron-based technologies in contaminated land and groundwater remediation: a review Science of the Total Environment, 400 (1-3). pp. 42-51. ISSN 0048-9697
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Reactions involving iron play a major role in the environmental cycling of a wide range of important organic, inorganic and radioactive contaminants. Consequently, a range of environmental clean-up technologies have been proposed or developed which utilise iron chemistry to remediate contaminated land and surface and subsurface waters, e.g. the use of injected zero zero-valent iron nanoparticles to remediate organic contaminant plumes; the generation of iron oxyhydroxide-based substrates for arsenic removal from contaminated waters; etc. This paper reviews some of the latest iron-based technologies in contaminated land and groundwater remediation, their current state of development, and their potential applications and limitations.
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