The sedimentology and alluvial architecture of a large braid bar, Rio Paraná, Argentina

Sambrook-Smith, G. H., ASHWORTH, PHILIP, Best, J. L., Lunt, I. A., Orfeo, O. and Parsons, D. R. (2009) The sedimentology and alluvial architecture of a large braid bar, Rio Paraná, Argentina Journal of Sedimentary Research, 79 (7-8). pp. 629-642. ISSN 1527-1404

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Abstract

This paper presents ~ 30 km of ground penetrating radar (GPR) data from a mid-channel bar in the sixth largest river in the world, the Río Paraná, Argentina. GPR profiles, with depth of penetration up to 12 m below the bar surface, were collected from a sandy braid bar ~ 3 km long by ~ 1 km wide on a grid with a 200 to 400 m spacing. Two facies were found to dominate the sedimentary architecture. The principal facies (~ 83% of total facies) comprises trough and planar cross-strata, related to the migration of dunes, with the thickness of the cross-strata decreasing towards the bar surface. The second significant facies (~ 15%) is high-angle (generally 10–20°) strata that typically form by accretion at the bar margins or bartail. Clay drapes (< 2%) and cross-bar channels (< 1%) are shown to constitute only a minor part of the deposits. The Río Paraná GPR surveys are compared with other GPR studies of sandy braid bars of different sizes from the South Saskatchewan, Wisconsin, and Jamuna rivers. The dominance of dune deposits is ubiquitous to all rivers, with each also possessing a significant proportion of large-scale high-angle strata. However, two differences were found to exist between the deposits of these rivers: (1) the compound-bar deposits of smaller rivers contained greater proportions of the fills of cross-bar channels, which suggests a potential role for discharge as a factor in shaping the alluvial architecture through its impact on the frequency of sediment reworking over the bar tops, and, (2) the thickness of large-scale, high-angle sets decreases with the age of the bar, which suggests that the deposits of older bars may provide more useful geometrical analogues for interpreting ancient successions, than smaller transient, or recent, bar forms that have undergone only limited modification.

Item Type:Journal article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ground-penetrating radar; South Sasketchewan River; subaqueous dunes; Jamuna river; sand; Nebraska; Facies; Canada; Bangladesh; Australia;
Subjects:F000 Physical Sciences > F800 Physical Geography and Environmental Sciences > F820 Geomorphology
F000 Physical Sciences > F800 Physical Geography and Environmental Sciences > F840 Physical Geography
DOI (a stable link to the resource):10.2110/jsr.2009.066
Faculties:Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Environment and Technology > Applied Geosciences
Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Environment and Technology
ID Code:5796
Deposited By:Converis
Deposited On:22 Sep 2009
Last Modified:07 Feb 2013 12:26

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