Graft polymerization of vinyl monomers inside macroporous polyacrylamide gel, cryogel, in aqueous and aqueous-organic media initiated by diperiodatocuprate(III) complexes
Savina, I.N., Mattiasson, B. and Galaev, I.Y. (2006) Graft polymerization of vinyl monomers inside macroporous polyacrylamide gel, cryogel, in aqueous and aqueous-organic media initiated by diperiodatocuprate(III) complexes Journal of Polymer Science Part A Polymer Chemistry, 44 (6). pp. 1952-1963. ISSN 1099-0518
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pola.21305
Graft polymerization initiated by diperiodatocuprate(III) complex (Cu(III)) initiator was found to be an effective and convenient method for graft polymerization of vinyl monomers onto macroporous polyacrylamide gels, the so-called cryogels (pAAm-cryogels). The effect of time, temperature, monomer and initiator concentration during the graft polymerization in aqueous and aqueous-organic media was studied. The graft polymerization of water-soluble monomers as [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]-trimethylammonium chloride, 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, N-isopropylacrylamide, and N,N-dimethylacrylamide proceeds with higher grafting yield in aqueous medium, as compared with that in aqueous-organic media. Graft polymerization in aqueous-organic media such as water-DMSO solutions allows grafting of water-insoluble monomers such as glycidyl methacrylate and N-tert-butylacrylamide with high grafting degrees of 100 and 410%, respectively. It was found that the deposition of initiator on the pore surface of cryogels promoted graft polymerization by facilitating the formation of the redox couple Cu(III)-acrylamide group.
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