Nitric oxide stimulates insulin gene transcription in pancreatic beta-cells

Campbell, S.C., Richardson, H., Ferris, W.F., Butler, C.S. and Macfarlane, Wendy (2007) Nitric oxide stimulates insulin gene transcription in pancreatic beta-cells Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 353 (4). pp. 1011-1016. ISSN 1090-2104

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Recent studies have identified a positive role for nitric oxide (NO) in the regulation of pancreatic β-cell function. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of short-term exposure to NO on β-cell gene expression and the activity of the transcription factor PDX-1. NO stimulated the activity of the insulin gene promoter in Min6 β-cells and endogenous insulin mRNA levels in both Min6 and isolated islets of Langerhans. Addition of wortmannin prior to NO stimulation blocked the observed increases in insulin gene promoter activity. Although NO addition stimulated the phosphorylation of p38, inhibition by SB203580 did not block the effect of NO on the insulin gene promoter. NO addition also stimulated both the nuclear accumulation and the DNA binding activity of PDX-1. This study has shown that over 24 h, NO stimulates insulin gene expression, PI-3-kinase activity and the activity of the critical β-cell transcription factor PDX-1.

Item Type: Journal article
Subjects: C000 Biological and Biomedical Sciences
DOI (a stable link to the resource): 10.1016/j.bbrc.2006.12.127
Faculties: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences > Disease Process > Diabetes
Depositing User: editor spbs
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2008
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2015 12:33

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