Do pattern recognition skills transfer across sports? A preliminary analysis

Smeeton, N.J., Ward, P. and Williams, A.M. (2004) Do pattern recognition skills transfer across sports? A preliminary analysis Journal of Sports Sciences, 22 (2). pp. 205-213. ISSN 1466-477X

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Abstract

The ability to recognize patterns of play is fundamental to performance in team sports. While typically assumed to be domain-specific, pattern recognition skills may transfer from one sport to another if similarities exist in the perceptual features and their relations and/or the strategies used to encode and retrieve relevant information. A transfer paradigm was employed to compare skilled and less skilled soccer, field hockey and volleyball players' pattern recognition skills. Participants viewed structured and unstructured action sequences from each sport, half of which were randomly represented with clips not previously seen. The task was to identify previously viewed action sequences quickly and accurately. Transfer of pattern recognition skill was dependent on the participant's skill, sport practised, nature of the task and degree of structure. The skilled soccer and hockey players were quicker than the skilled volleyball players at recognizing structured soccer and hockey action sequences. Performance differences were not observed on the structured volleyball trials between the skilled soccer, field hockey and volleyball players. The skilled field hockey and soccer players were able to transfer perceptual information or strategies between their respective sports. The less skilled participants' results were less clear. Implications for domain-specific expertise, transfer and diversity across domains are discussed.

Item Type: Journal article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sports psychology; coaching skills;
Subjects: C000 Biological and Biomedical Sciences > C600 Sport and Exercise Science
C000 Biological and Biomedical Sciences > C800 Psychology > C810 Applied Psychology > C813 Sport and Exercise Psychology
DOI (a stable link to the resource): 10.1080/02640410310001641494
Faculties: Faculty of Education and Sport > Chelsea School
Depositing User: Chelsea editor
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2007
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2013 13:22
URI: http://eprints.brighton.ac.uk/id/eprint/2124

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