Between Homohysteria and Inclusivity: Tolerance towards Sexual Diversity in Sport


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Piedra, Joaquin, Garcia-Perez, Rafael and Channon, Alex (2017) Between Homohysteria and Inclusivity: Tolerance towards Sexual Diversity in Sport Sexuality and Culture, 21 (4). pp. 1018-1039. ISSN 1095-5143

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The small number of openly gay or lesbian people in top-flight sport raises the question about whether sporting or social contexts makes it easy or difficult for these sportspeople to come out. There are studies conducted in the UK and USA using the theory of homohysteria but the scarcity of studies in Spain on this subject, added to the lack of a tool with which to measure tolerance towards sexual diversity in sport, has led us to write this paper in which we analyze the suitability of a new tool for classifying the metacognitive profiles of two samples from different cultures, relative to the concept of homohysteria. This correlational study involved 879 men and women aged 16-78 (M = 28.45 years; SD = 13.08) living in either Spain or the United Kingdom, who were actively participating in or following sport of some kind. Results show that the new instrument has adequate construct validity and high reliability (Alpha = .95), facilitating the measurement of two dimensions of tolerance towards non-heteronormative sexualities in sport: non-rejection and acceptance. Results point to three metacognitive profiles in terms of fit of the level of tolerance in these two dimensions: low, high, and partial. Findings show high levels of both dimensions of tolerance in the UK, and higher percentages of partial tolerance in Spain, underlining the importance of cultural contexts and policies which may affect people's levels of tolerance. We conclude that a pseudo-inclusive climate exists in Spanish society today.

Item Type: Journal article
Additional Information: The final publication is available at Springer via
Uncontrolled Keywords: Homophobia; Sexual attitudes; Culture; Gender
Subjects: C000 Biological and Biomedical Sciences > C800 Psychology > C813 Sport and Exercise Psychology
L000 Social Sciences > L300 Sociology > L311 Sport and Leisure
L000 Social Sciences > L300 Sociology
DOI (a stable link to the resource): 10.1007/s12119-017-9434-x
Depositing User: Converis
Date Deposited: 18 May 2017 03:01
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2018 00:38

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