Tigers and gangsters: masculinities and feminized migration in Indonesia

Elmhirst, R. (2007) Tigers and gangsters: masculinities and feminized migration in Indonesia Population, Space and Place, 13 (3). pp. 225-238. ISSN 1544-8452

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Abstract

This paper considers the implications of feminized labour migration for young men in Lampung, Indonesia, drawing on performative approaches to masculinities in the context of wider political economic change. Since the early 1990s it has become commonplace for unmarried women to make temporary migrations to work in the export factories of West Java, with a view to remitting money to their natal households and at the same time, gathering experience of modernity. Whilst unmarried men have been involved in similar movements, a combination of gender-specific labour demand in different places, emergent migrant networks and familial pressures has led to a large cohort of young men being 'left behind', in more than one sense. Drawing on material from interviews and group discussions, the paper focuses on the experiences of these young men, and examines the complex cultural politics of masculinity and femininity that emerging gendered mobility and employment patterns appear to have invoked. In a context where brushes with modernity (through migration and urban employment) are held to contribute to personal power and authority, and where work and the achievement of valued forms of adult masculinity are closely linked to financial autonomy, men's perception of their economic, cultural and social 'lack' relative to young women is a source of community conflict as young men seek to assert themselves as modern subjects in unexpected and sometimes threatning ways.

Item Type:Journal article
Uncontrolled Keywords:masculinity; performativity; migration; Indonesia; factory labour
Subjects:L000 Social Sciences > L300 Sociology
L000 Social Sciences > L600 Anthropology
L000 Social Sciences > L700 Human and Social Geography > L710 Human and Social Geography by area > L712 Human and Social Geography of Asia
V000 Historical and Philosophical studies > V200 History by area > V240 Asian History
DOI (a stable link to the resource):10.1002/psp.435
Faculties:Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Environment and Technology > Society, Space and Environment
ID Code:1633
Deposited By:editor environment
Deposited On:03 Apr 2007
Last Modified:19 Mar 2012 11:29

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