The relationship between channel avulsion, flow occupancy and aggradation in braided rivers: insights from an experimental model
Ashworth, P.J., Best, J.L. and Jones, M.A. (2007) The relationship between channel avulsion, flow occupancy and aggradation in braided rivers: insights from an experimental model Sedimentology, 54 (3). pp. 497-513. ISSN 1365-3091
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Experimental modelling of the braided Ashburton River, Canterbury Plains, New Zealand, has allowed investigation of the relationship between the frequency of channel avulsion (Af), the duration of time that the braidplain is occupied by flow, the spatial pattern of braidplain sedimentation and how these respond to a change in sediment supply (Ss). Model results demonstrate a strong, positive relationship between Ss and Af and that there is no downstream change in Af over the short braidplain distances (100 m) modelled herein. Although Af is strongly dependent on Ss, the degree of channel switching does not influence the rate, or spatial pattern, of braidplain sedimentation. All experiments used a single, central input for water and sediment, and the channels occupied the centre of the alluvial basin for a longer period of time than the margins for all sediment supply rates and distances downstream. Despite this spatio-temporal pattern in flow occupancy, braidplain sedimentation rates were nearly uniform both downstream and across the basin, and increased at approximately the same rate as increases in Ss. Consequently, less frequent, and possibly short-lived, flows at the braidplain margins deposited and preserved more sediment per unit time than at the centre of the basin where flow occupancy was higher. An approximate order of magnitude change in sediment supply resulted in only a factor of two change in bed slope, probably due to an increase in channelization and sediment throughput. This result suggests that linear diffusion models are unlikely to be applicable in aggrading multi-thread rivers.
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