Sport and the end of apartheid


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Keech, Marc and Houlihan, Barry (2010) Sport and the end of apartheid The Round Table: The Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs, 88 (349). pp. 109-121. ISSN 1474-029X

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The contribution of sport to the ending of apartheid is examined. It is argued that claims for the effectiveness of sports diplomacy often exceeds the available evidence. However, the association between opposition to apartheid and sport was strong at least from the early 1960s up to the transition to democracy. It is argued that while it is clearly impossible to quantify the contribution made by sports sanctions to the end of apartheid it is possible to provide indicators of significance. The selected indicators of significance are the capacity of the opposition sports organizations to influence the agendas of international sports organizations, international bodies, including the UN and the Commonwealth, and, at domestic level, the capacity to promote a substantial response from the government and the ANC. It is concluded that sport fulfilled an important symbolic function in the anti-apartheid struggle and was able to influence the other policy actors, but generally to a far less significant extent than is usually asserted.

Item Type: Journal article
Subjects: L000 Social Sciences > L300 Sociology > L311 Sport and Leisure
V000 Historical and Philosophical studies > V200 History by area > V250 African History
V000 Historical and Philosophical studies > V200 History by area > V250 African History > V253 Southern African History
DOI (a stable link to the resource): 10.1080/003585399108306
Depositing User: Converis
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2016 03:01
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2016 10:58

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