Anticipation skill in a real-world task: measurement, training, and transfer in tennis.
Williams, A. Mark, Ward, Paul, Knowles, John M. and Smeeton, Nicholas J. (2002) Anticipation skill in a real-world task: measurement, training, and transfer in tennis. Journal of experimental psychology: Applied, 8 (4). pp. 259-270. ISSN 1076-898X
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1076-898X.8.4.259
Anticipation skill in tennis was examined using realistic film simulations, movement-based response measures, and a portable eye movement recording system. The 8 skilled players (mean age 23 yrs) were faster than their 8 less skilled counterparts (mean age 27.2 yrs) in anticipating the direction of opponents' tennis strokes, with this superior performance being based, at least in part, on more effective visual search behaviors. The processes mediating superior performance were then modeled in groups of recreational tennis players using video simulation, instruction, and feedback. Players who received perceptual training improved their performance on laboratory- and field-based tests of anticipation when compared with matched placebo and control groups that did not receive any instruction regarding expert performance strategies. The approach used may have practical utility in a variety of performance contexts.
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