World heritage: exploring the tensions between the national and the ‘universal’

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Rakić, Tijana and Chambers, Donna (2008) World heritage: exploring the tensions between the national and the ‘universal’ Journal of Heritage Tourism, 2 (3). pp. 145-155. ISSN 1743-873X

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Abstract

The complex issues of conservation, politics, tourism management and ownership have emerged as critical issues within the World Heritage debate and specifically within heritage tourism research. Within this context, this paper focuses on issues of ownership and belonging and argues that there exists a link between the conceptual inconsistencies inherent in the World Heritage idea and the tensions between the national and the ‘universal’ evident at a number of World Heritage Sites. That is, heritage sites that are deemed to be of ‘outstanding universal value’ and are bestowed with the World Heritage accolade are consequently no longer expected to be perceived as symbols of particular national identities, but as heritage belonging to all humankind. This, of course, provokes a series of debates over the issues of ownership and belonging of such heritage, namely between the national and the ‘universal’ suggesting that it is possible to perceive World Heritage as synonymous with contested heritage. The paper explores these issues of ownership and focuses on the Acropolis, symbol of the World Heritage idea, as a case study utilising an exploratory semiotic analysis of the promotional material released by the Greek National Tourism Organisation over the last five years.

Item Type: Journal article
Subjects: N000 Business and Management > N800 Travel, Tourism and Transport Management > N830 UK Tourism
N000 Business and Management > N800 Travel, Tourism and Transport Management > N840 International Tourism
N000 Business and Management > N800 Travel, Tourism and Transport Management > N860 Tourism Management
N000 Business and Management > N800 Travel, Tourism and Transport Management
L000 Social Sciences > L300 Sociology > L312 Travel and Tourism
N000 Business and Management > N500 Marketing > N580 Tourism and Travel Marketing
N000 Business and Management > N800 Travel, Tourism and Transport Management > N890 Travel, Tourism and Transport Management not elsewhere classified
D000 Veterinary Sciences, Agriculture and related subjects > D400 Agriculture > D445 Biological heritage site management
DOI (a stable link to the resource): 10.2167/jht056.0
Depositing User: Converis
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2016 03:03
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2016 08:51
URI: http://eprints.brighton.ac.uk/id/eprint/15031

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