'The birthplace of Italian communism': political identity and action amongst Livorno fans


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Doidge, Mark (2013) 'The birthplace of Italian communism': political identity and action amongst Livorno fans Soccer and Society, 14 (2). pp. 246-261. ISSN 1466-0970

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Communism and Livorno fans - resubmission.doc - Accepted Version

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Italian football has been heavily politicized since its arrival on the peninsularand the fans reflect this. Since the 1980s, there has been a shift to the right onthecurveof Italian stadiums. Livorno stands apart as one of the few Italianclubs to maintain a resolute Communist identity. As a consequence of globalization, local identity has been reinforced and Livorno fans draw on a unique history to reinforce their identity. In a variety of different ways Livorno fansperform this identity and this frames their interactions with others. In so doing,they draw on a variety of Communist images and this helps define their actions.Through political protest, charity and matchday choreographies, Livorno fans reflect and resist specific aspects of football in a globalized world

Item Type: Journal article
Additional Information: This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in Soccer & Society 2013 © Taylor & Francis, available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14660970.2013.776471
Uncontrolled Keywords: Livorno; Communism; Identity; Globalisation; ultras
Subjects: L000 Social Sciences > L300 Sociology > L311 Sport and Leisure
L000 Social Sciences > L300 Sociology > L330 Ethnic studies
L000 Social Sciences > L200 Politics > L290 Politics not elsewhere classified
L000 Social Sciences > L300 Sociology
DOI (a stable link to the resource): 10.1080/14660970.2013.776471
Depositing User: Converis
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2013 03:01
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2015 11:58
URI: http://eprints.brighton.ac.uk/id/eprint/11612

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