Implications of the angiotensin converting enzyme gene insertion/deletion polymorphism in health and disease: a snapshot review
GARD, PAUL (2010) Implications of the angiotensin converting enzyme gene insertion/deletion polymorphism in health and disease: a snapshot review International Journal of Molecular Epidemiology and Genetics, IJMEG, 1 (2). pp. 145-147. ISSN 1948-1756
Official URL: http://www.ijmeg.org/IJMEG912003A.html
This review considers the 250+ papers concerning the association of the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene insertion/deletion polymorphism (rs1799752) and various disease conditions published in 2009. The deletion allele occurs in approximately 55% of the population and is associated with increased activity of the ACE enzyme. It might be predicted that the D allele, therefore, might be associated with pathologies involving increased activity of the renin-angiotensin system. The D allele was seen to be associated with an increased risk of hypertension, pre-eclampsia, heart failure, cerebral infarct, diabetic nephropathy, encephalopathy, asthma, severe hypoglycaemia in diabetes, gastric cancer (in Caucasians) and poor prognosis following kidney transplant. On the positive side, the D allele appears to offer protection against schizophrenia and chronic periodontitis and confers greater upper-body strength in old age. The I allele, meanwhile, offers improved endurance/athletic performance and aerobic capacity as determined by lung function tests, although it does increase the risk of oral squamous cell carcinoma and obstructive sleep apnoea in hypertensives.
Repository Staff Only: item control page